The greenway linking Arrasate/Mondragón with Oñati is a magnificent sustainable mobility infrastructure in the rural district of Alto Deba and the Oñati valley, both highly anthropized areas framed by high, verdant mountains.
A number of unconnected sections of the main line of the Vasco Navarro Railway in Guipúzcoa have been recovered as greenways, between the town of Eskoriatza and the Mekolalde industrial estate near Bergara. The Oñati branch line connects Mekolalde with the main line of the Vasco Navarro Railway at the San Prudentzio roundabout, near Elorregi (Bergara).
Guipúzcoa. Basque Country.
Eskoriatza, Aretxabaleta, Arrasate/Mondragón, Bergara and Oñati.
Lenght: 26,3 km
Section I. Eskoriatza-Arrasate/Mondragón: 7.6 km.
Section II. Arrasate throughpass/Mondragón: 1 km.
Section III. Arrasate/Mondragón-Mekolalde: 11.7 km.
Section IV. Oñati branch line: 6 km
There are occasional short ramps and zebra crossings and narrow section with no railings around the Tabesa industrial complex. There are undeveloped sections in Bergara: the streets Matxiategi and Ugarte in the San Lorenzo industrial estate, and the path through the Buruñao industrial estate
Type of surface:
Asphalt. There are occasional short gravel sections.
The greenway follows the course of the River Deba more or less closely, passing through a number of large towns, between which there are short stretches of natural countryside. The route is therefore a succession of urban and natural landscapes: industrial estates and traditional country houses, town centres and woods, historic quarters and the riparian understory along the River Deba.
The old railway line is also a way to reach higher altitudes (the Leniz Valley and the Aizkorri-Aratz Natural Park) and a pilgrim’s way to the Arantzazu Sanctuary.
Eskoriatza. Town and elizate (literally ‘church door’, an old form of local government popular in the Basque Country), Ibarraundi Museum, Zubiate pottery kiln, and the castle of Eneko de Ortiz (Atxorrotx).
Aretxabaleta. Elizate, 18th century palaces (Arratabe, Otalora and Arkarazo), and Otalora and Galartza tower houses.
Arrasate/Mondragón. Historic town centre, San Juan Bautista parish church, San Francisco convent, town hall, Bañez de Artazubiaga, Monterron, Okendo and Andiako-Loiola palaces.
Bergara. Monumental complex and museum of the Royal Seminary of Bergara.
Oñati. Arantzazu Sanctuary, University of Sancti Spiritus, San Miguel parish church, Bidaurreta Monastery, San Miguel flour mill, Santa Marina and Los Fueros squares, and the Txokolateixia chocolate interpretation centre.
Greenway. Bidegorri or cycle lanes for use by cyclists and walkers, either together or segregated, with some sections shared with motor traffic.
14 bridges. 1 road bridge over the original railway. 4 underpasses under roads. Tunnels with lighting: Olazar (Eskoriatza), Errekabaltz (Barrena), Minazulueta (San Prudentzio), and Gabiria (Bergara).
Stations at Eskoriatza (now a municipal warehouse) and Arrasate/Mondragón.
Horizontal signage, lighting along the route and in tunnels, benches, tables, litter bins, gardens, rest areas, kiddies play areas, water fountains, railings, etc.
Accesses to the Greenway:
Section I(Eskorialtza-Arrasate/Mondragón): Southernmost end: Km 0 of the GI-3342 road to Mazmela (Eskoriatza). Northernmost end: Intxausti Street, or Km 0.2 of the GI-3554 road to Bedoña (Arrasate/Mondragón).